Yakutpura Constituency Mla Bibliography


MiM Leaders with MCH Commissioner at a review Committee Meeting in Hyderabad.

MiM Seeks Fast Development Work in Old City

Hyderabad December 26: The Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad (MCH) have completed 1885 works in five assembly constituencies within 9 months period in the current financial year. MCH Commissioner Sanjay Jaju informing the details said that 340 works in five assembly constituencies worth 20 crores were under progress at various stages while another 850 works worth 52 crores are sanctioned that are under tendering and grounding stage.
The highest number of works sanctioned and completed was in Chandrayangutta assembly constituency with 780 and 544 respectively in the current financial year worth 22.61 crores, said the MCH Commissioner while reviewing the developmental works in old city with Majlis e Ithedul Muslimeen (MIM) MP and MLAs.
Here today Commissioner MCH Sanjay Jaju along with other officials reviewed the developmental works with Hyderabad MP Asaduddin Owaisi, MIM Floor leader Akbaruddin Owaisi MLA Chandrayangutta, Mumtaz Ahmed Khan, MLA Yakutpura, Muqtada Afsar Khan, MLA Karwan, Syed Ahmed Pasha Quadri Chariminar MLA and Mohd Mouzzam Khan MLA Asif Nagar. The officers include Additional Commissioner Projects Dhananjay Reddy, Additional Commissioner Traffic and transport NVS Reddy. Comparing with last year the works, commissioner said that works completed in record period and listed out the works. He said that 780 works were sanctioned in Chandrayangutta Constituency, in which 544 were completed while 73 works costing 4.15 crores are under progress and another 163 works costing around 7.63 crores sanctioned and would be grounded shortly. Out of 433 works sanctioned in Yakutpura Constituency a major chunk that’s 266 were completed under 144 were sanctioned would be started shortly, rest are under final stages.
Sanjay Jaju said that in Charminar constituency 481 works were sanctioned in which 354 were completed while 165 would be started shortly that under are tendering stage, the rest 62 are under progress. In Karwan Assembly constituency a total of 306 works were completed while 164 works sanctioned to tune of 7.63 crores. The rest 116 works are under progress costing 6.71 crores.Under Asif Nagar assembly constituency, out of the total 579 works about 315 works were completed while 206 works costing 14 crores are sanctioned would commenced shortly, the rest 58 works tuning 3.1 crores were under progress. The Commissioner also informed that corporation has proposed about 143 crores works under urban community development (UCB) fund with central government, in which the constituencies from old city were having share of about 47 crores. The works may likely get sanctioned in another two months.
Hyderabad MP Asaduddin Owaisi Demanded that the works sanctioned should be completed along with preparing fresh estimates for newly proposed works by the concerned MLAs in their respective constituency. The Contractors are delaying the ongoing works since they are bidding for several works pending the ongoing works and he requested the Corporation for restricting the contractors for having 4 to five works at a time so that the works are completed on time. He also asked the Commissioner that priority be given to proposals send by the MLAs by clearing them at the earliest.
MIM Floor leader Akbaruddin Owaisi annoyed against the officers for neglecting the minority populated areas and asked to give priority to the works recommended by MLAs concerned, taking up on the priority basis. He also wanted that the immediate steps be taken in completing on the going works and the works sanctioned earlier cited the works of Habeeb Nagar nala, First Lancer Nala, Bakapur nala Murki Nala etc. He came down heavily over not taking up the works sanctioned on the ground at Talab katta during the visit of MiM MLA Akbaruddin Owaisi and MCH Commissioner Sanjay Jaju.
Akbaruddin Owaisi, Mumtaz Ahmed and others also complained that the constructions of community halls were being pending for past one and half years, in spite of several reminders works were not yet started. Nawab Sahab kunta bridge estimate would be prepared that would be included under UCB project. Sattarbagh by pass drain lane which earlier proposed have been changed to non suitability of the project and work would be taken up beside that lane.
MiM Leader Akbaruddin Owaisi also inquired about the progress of Balapur, Hafez babanagar Nala recalling the inundated water in that locality earlier. The works were sanctioned but could not be taken since large number of properties being affected if acted in accordance with Krilosakar committee report said the officers. Suggesting the plan, he said that the water from Balapur Lake could be diverted through the existing Nalas in Babanagar. The MIM floor leader Akbaruddin Owaisi along with officials from Corporation would make visit to Hafez babanagar day after tomorrow to get on hand information on the Hafez Baba Nagar Nala and Murki Nala works which need to expedited.
The Kishan Bagh stadium in Bhadarpura would be designed costing around 1.5 crores, said the Commissioner. He also informed that corporation wants to include several projects under JNNURM central government funded scheme. He informed that the works for Habeeb Nagar Nala, First Lancer costing around 1.99 crores and 60 lakhs were sanctioned. On the complained from MLAs that the works being pending for the past 2 years, he said that the works could not be taken up due poor response from contractors and stated that two Nalas will be taken at the earliest. He added that Balakpur Nala project cost 21 crores were prepared and was included under JNNURM.
Only 30 to 40 percent of street lights were seen glowing in Chandrayangutta, Charminar, Asif Nagar, Karwan, Yakutpura, on which Commissioner Sanjay Jaju stated that corporation, would not hesitate in canceling and recalling the fresh contracts to others for maintaining the cent percent street light glowing. The MLAs also complained that contractors were going unheard the complaints for repairs and having poor maintenance of street lights.
The Chariminar MLA complained about the high Mask lights, he said that in spite of getting 20 high light masks sanctioned only 8 were grounded while others were left pending. The same situation was with other constituencies. Mouzzam khan complained that not even semi high mask lights were installed in Asif Nagar constituency. Yakuthupura MLA Mumtaz Ahmed Khan criticized that the officials were not putting dumper bins for collecting garbage in several parts of old city and if putting were decayed bins which the commissioner rejected. But Khan asked Commissioner to make visit to Yakuthpura Bada bazaar to witness the dumper bins.
The MiM MLA Akbaruddin Owaisi also asked the commissioner for construction of international standard swimming pool and the proposed project likely to be set up at Bandalaguda. He also asked the Commissioner to modernize the Moghalpura Swimming pool which was being kept pending in spite of budget allocation by the concerned corporator, on the line of Multi sports complex at Chandulal baradari that’s being taken up with estimated cost of 3.5 crores. The Road over bridge at Kandikal gate and Uppuguda projects were included under JNNURM project said the commissioner Sanjay Jaju, when asked by the Akbaruddin Owaisi. He also wanted that the corporation immediately take up the works for Gowlipura Bridge which was at dilapidated condition.

1. Jangaon – Jangaon is a city and the district headquarters of Jangaon district in the Indian state of Telangana. It is also the mandal and divisional headquarters of Jangaon mandal and it is about 85 kilometres from the state capital, Hyderabad. It lies on the National Highway 163 and State Highway 9, Jangaon is located at 17. 72°N79. 18°E /17.72,79.18. It has an elevation of 382 metres. It is Geographically located in the eastern Deccan plateau. The name Jangaon evolved from jain gaon which means village of Jains, kolanpak in the Nalgonda district which is about 20 km from Jangaon is a famous pilgrimage center for Jain people and it has much historical background. Jain Thirthankara sculptures found in the excavations near the town revealed the existence of Jainism in the Megalithic age, qamar-ud-din Khan Asaf Jah I declared sovereignty in 1724 and established Asaf Jahi Dynasty. In 1854 Jangaon area was under region of Bhonagheer Circars shown in map was made by Pharoah. Jangaon mentioned as Zungaon in 1854 map, in 1866 new districts were created all Circars were delimited and merged. In 1905 when Princely state of hyderabad sub divided into Four Division namely 1. Aurangabad Division,2. Gulbarga Division,3. Gulshanabad Division,4. Warangal Division. During formation divisions again districts were delimited in 1905 Jangaon Taluka, Hyderabad State was annexed to Dominion of India by operation polo in 1948, and became an Indian state called as Hyderabad state. In 1948 Jangaon taluka was part of Nalgonda district in Gulshanabad Division of Hyderabad State, in 1953, there was shuffling of areas shifting of some villages from one taluka to the other. Subsequently, when Warangal district was divided to facilitate administrative control, Khammam, Yellandu, Madhira, Burugunpahad and Palavancha talukas have been made part of it. Warangal, Mulugu, Mahabubabad, Pakala remained in Warangal district, after these changes in 1953, few villages of Jangaon taluka went to Medak district and some remained in Nalgonda district. During resigm of Marri Chenna Reddy in 1979 Jangaon taluka was split into Cherial, Kodakandla, in 1985 when N. T. Warangal district was divided in to Five districts are Warangal Urban district, Warangal Rural district, Jangaon district, Jayashankar district and Mahabubabad district. The total population constitute,26,763 males and 25,645 females —a sex ratio of 958 females per 1000 males, in 2001 Census of India, it had population of 43,996, a growth of 83. 95% is observed in the present census. Jangaon experiences a kind of climate. Its a drought prone area according to Geological survey, experiences very hot summers, moderate winters and rains less than the average precipitation. The climate in Jangaon is referred to as a steppe climate

2. Vidhan Sabha – The Vidhan Sabha or the Legislative Assembly is the lower house or the sole house of the state legislature in the different States of India. The same name is used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the Union Territories, Delhi and Puducherry. The upper house in the seven states with a legislature is called the Legislative Council. Members of a Vidhan Sabha are direct representatives of the people of the state as they are directly elected by an electorate consisting of all citizens above the age of 18 of that state. Its maximum size as outlined in the Constitution of India is not more than 500 members and not less than 60 members. However, the size of the Vidhan Sabha can be less than 59 members through an Act of Parliament, such is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the Union Territory of Puducherry. In some states Governor may appoint 1 member to represent minorities, e. g. the Anglo-Indian community, if he finds that minority inadequately represented in the House. Those elected or nominated to Vidhan Sabha are referred to as Members of Legislative Assembly or MLAsEach Vidhan Sabha assembles for a five-year term, during a State of Emergency, its term may be extended past five years or it may be dissolved. The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years, but it may be dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request of the Chief Minister. The term of a Legislative Assembly may be extended during an Emergency, a Vidhan Sabha can also be dissolved if a motion of no confidence is passed within it against the majority party or coalition. To become a member of a Vidhan Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India and he or she should be mentally sound and should not be bankrupt. He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her, Speaker of Vidhan Sabha who is responsible for the conduct of business of the body, and also a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speakers absence. The Speaker acts as a judge and manages all debates. A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the Vidhan Sabha, if it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign. A money bill can only be introduced in Vidhan Sabha, in bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the Vidhan Sabha, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days. Unless by the Finance Minister of the state in the name of the Governor of that state, in matters related to ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months

3. States and union territories of India – India is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and further into smaller administrative divisions, the Constitution of India distributes the sovereign executive and legislative powers exercisable with respect to the territory of any State between the Union and that State. The Indian subcontinent has been ruled by different ethnic groups throughout its history. Between 1947 and 1950, the territories of the states were politically integrated into the Indian Union. The new Constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950, the new republic was also declared to be a Union of States. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh, Madras, Orissa, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. The eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of states, governed by a rajpramukh, who was usually the ruler of a constituent state. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India, the Part B states were Hyderabad, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union, Rajasthan, Saurashtra, and Travancore-Cochin. The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners provinces and some states, and each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India. The Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Cutch, Manipur, Tripura, the only Part D state was the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which were administered by a lieutenant governor appointed by the central government. The Union Territory of Puducherry was created in 1954 comprising the previous French enclaves of Pondichéry, Karaikal, Yanam, Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State. The States Reorganisation Act of 1956 reorganised the states based on linguistic lines resulting in the creation of the new states, as a result of this act, Madras State retained its name with Kanyakumari district added to from Travancore-Cochin. Andhra Pradesh was created with the merger of Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in 1956, kerala was created with the merger of Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara districts of Madras State with Travancore-Cochin. The Laccadive Islands which were divided between South Canara and Malabar districts of Madras State were united and organised into the territory of Lakshadweep. Bombay State was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, Rajasthan and Punjab gained territories from Ajmer and Patiala and East Punjab States Union respectively and certain territories of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal. Bombay State was split into the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act. Nagaland was formed on 1 December 1963, the Punjab Reorganisation Act of 1966 resulted in the creation of Haryana on 1 November and the transfer of the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh. The act also designated Chandigarh as a territory and the shared capital of Punjab

4. Telangana – Telangana is one of the 29 states in India, located in southern India. Formed in June 2014 as the newest state in India, from the part of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana has an area of 112,077 square kilometres. It is the twelfth largest state in India, and the twelfth most populated state in India and its major cities include Hyderabad, Warangal, Nizamabad, Khammam, Karimnagar and Ramagundam. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north and north west, Chhattisgarh to the north, Karnataka to the west and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south. Telangana had a history as the Telugu-speaking region of the state of Hyderabad. It joined the Union of India in 1948, in 1956, the Hyderabad state was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with former Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh. Following a movement for separation, Telangan was awarded separate statehood on 2 June 2014, Hyderabad will continue to serve as the joint capital city for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana for a period of not more than ten years. After Asaf Jahis ceded the Seemandhra region to the British, the rest of the Telugu region retained the name Telingana and the other parts were called Madras Presidencys Circars and Ceded. One of the earliest uses of a similar to Telangana can also be seen in a name of Malik Maqbul, who was called the Tilangani. He was the commander of the Warangal Fort, the Satavahana dynasty became the dominant power in this region. It originated from the lands between the Godavari and Krishna rivers and was based at Amaravathi and Dharanikota, after the decline of the Satavahanas, various dynasties, such as the Vakataka, Vishnukundina, Chalukya, Rashtrakuta and Western Chalukya, ruled the area. The Telangana area experienced its golden age during the reign of the Kakatiya dynasty, rudrama Devi and Prataparudra II were prominent rulers from the Kakatiya dynasty. The dynasty weakened with the attack of Malik Kafur in 1309 and was dissolved after the defeat of Prataparudra by the forces of Muhammad bin Tughluq in 1323, the area came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate in the 14th century, followed by the Bahmani Sultanate. Quli Qutb Mulk, a governor of Golkonda, revolted against the Bahmani Sultanate, on 21 September 1687, the Golkonda Sultanate came under the rule of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb after a year-long siege of the Golkonda fort. In 1712, Qamar-ud-din Khan was appointed by emperor Farrukhsiyar as the viceroy of Deccan with the title Nizam-ul-Mulk and he was later recalled to Delhi, with Mubariz Khan appointed as the viceroy. In 1724, Qamar-ud-din Khan defeated Mubariz Khan to reclaim the Deccan suba and he took the name Asif Jah, starting what came to be known as the Asif Jahi dynasty. He named the area Hyderabad Deccan, subsequent rulers retained the title Nizam ul-Mulk and were called Asif Jahi nizams or nizams of Hyderabad. The Medak and Warangal divisions of Telangana were part of their realm, when Asif Jah I died in 1748, there was political unrest due to contention for the throne among his sons, who were aided by opportunistic neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces

5. Telangana Rashtra Samithi – Telangana Rashtra Samithi is an Indian regional political party based in Telangana State. Founded on 27 April 2001 by K. Chandrashekar Rao, with a single point agenda of creating a separate Telangana state with Hyderabad as its capital and it has been instrumental in carrying forth a sustained agitation for the granting of statehood to Telangana. In the 2014 Telangana Assembly Election, the party won the majority seats, K. Chandrashekar Rao became the Chief Minister of Telangana. In the 2014 general election it has won 11 seats making it eighth largest party in Lok Sabha and it also won 3 seats in Rajya Sabha. He quit the Membership of AP Legislative Assembly and the post of Deputy Speaker of AP Legislature while floating the Party. In the 2004 assembly elections, the TRS formed an alliance with Indian National Congress and won 26 state assembly seats and it joined the governments at both state and central level. In September 2006 the party support for the central government on the grounds of indecision by the government over the delivery of its electoral promise to create Telangana. When the Central government failed to deliver Telangana, the party support from the government. On 13 September 2006, Rao triggered a by-election in his Lok Sabha constituency of Karimnagar and he won the subsequent by-election with a strong majority. All TRS MLAs and MPs resigned their positions in April 2008 when the Central government did not meet their demand for a state in its latest budget session for the 5-year term. The by-election was held on 29 May 2008, in the by-elections,2008, TRS won 7 out of the 16 assembly segments and 2 out of the 4 loksabha segments, a significant defeat for the party. TRS Chief K. Chandrasekhar Rao offered to resign after he lost a number of seats in by-elections but was convinced to remain in office. TRS Party president K Chandrasekhar Rao announced a schedule for membership drive, which began on 3 February 2015, after a spectacular victories in the Assembly and Lok Sabha elections in Telangana, The TRS Party is now focused on strengthening itself in the state. KCR said the TRS Membership Drive 2015 would continue till 20 February, Elections to party committees at different levels would be held during March and April. TRS party officially started registration process to get membership from 3 February 2015, in the 2014 Assembly and National Elections, TRS did not align with NDA or UPA and fought the elections on its own. The TRS’ campaign had no other stars except KCR who addressed over 300 public meetings, heli-hopping around, the TRS not only retained its north Telangana stronghold but also made inroads in south Telangana, a Congress bastion. Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao, has taken oath as the first Chief Minister of the new state of Telangana on 2 June 2014, Assembly Election Results Parliament Election Results Telangana Jagarana Sena Media related to Telangana Rashtra Samithi at Wikimedia Commons Official website

6. Telangana Legislative Assembly – The Telangana Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the Telangana Legislature. The Legislative Assembly of Telangana currently consists of 119 elected members, the current Speaker of the Assembly is Madhusudhana Chary of TRS. The members of the Vidhana Sabha are directly elected by people through adult franchise, each constituency elects one member of the assembly. Members are popularly known as M. L. As, the assembly is elected using the simple plurality or first past the post electoral system. The elections are conducted by the Election Commission of India, the normal term of the members lasts for five years. In case of death, resignation or disqualification of a member, the party which wins the most seats becomes the ruling party

7. India – India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast, in the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, in 2015, the Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River. The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations. Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. C. E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. Gaṇarājya is the Sanskrit/Hindi term for republic dating back to the ancient times, hindustan is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd century B. C. E. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety

8. Warangal Urban district – Warangal district is located in the northern region of the Indian state of Telangana. The district headquarters are located at Warangal, Warangal district consists of many Prehistoric habitation sites, which were explored by the Indian Archaeological authorities. Till the Kakatiya Kings renovated and established the Goddess Padmakshi, previously it was a ‘Basadi’ a Jain temple, the temple also has rich sculpture of the Jain Tirthankaras and other Jain Gods and Goddesses. The Kadalalaya basadi or Padmakshi Temple is built on a large rocky out crop. Angadi Veerannagudi a Jain temple located at Biranpally village in Maddur Mandal in the district, Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya Kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from 12th to the 14th centuries. Warangal was also known as Orugallu, oru means one and Kallu means stone. The entire city was carved out of a rock, hence the name Orukallu. The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, the cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Prominent rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rudrama Devi, after the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years. Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A. D. and success of Bahmanis, bahmani Sultanate later broke up into several smaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal. Hyderabad became an Indian statein 1948, in 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganisation Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh. After the bifurcation of the state of Andhra Pradesh, the became a part of Telangana. Warangal district occupies an area of 1,304.50 square kilometres, as of 2011 Census of India, the district has a population of 1,135,707. The district has one revenue division of Warangal and is sub-divided into 11 mandals. Amrapalli Kata is the present collector of the district, in 2006 the Indian government named Warangal one of the countrys 250 most backward districts. It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme, in February 2013, Warangal was accorded World Heritage town status by UNESCO. National Highway 163 between Hyderabad – Bhopalpatnam of Chhattisgarh, National Highway 563 between Jagitial-Khammam passes through the district, Warangal has two railway stations Kazipet Railway Station and Warangal Railway Station, which connects South and North India. The district has an airport in Mamnoor, which can accommodate small aircraft like the ATR42. This airport is used by police for gliding sorties, skeet shooting and aero-modeling

9. Hyderabad Legislative Assembly election, 1952 – Elections to the Legislative Assembly of the Indian state of Hyderabad were held on March 27,1952. 564 candidates competed for the 175 seats in the Assembly, there were 33 two-member constituencies and 109 constituencies single-member constituencies. The Congress Party won a majority of the seats in the assembly. Prominent Congress MLAs from Hyderabad District included Dr. G. S. Melkote, kashinath Rao Vaidya, the Congress MLA from Begum Bazar, was elected Speaker of the Assembly after the election. The elections were held in the aftermath of the Telangana armed struggle, the communists had called off their guerrilla campaign in October 1951, just few months before the polls. The Communist Party of India was banned in the state at the time, the PDF won all of the seats in Nalgonda district. However, the result was a set-back for the party with seats won. The party had refused to cooperate with other parties against the Congress, moreover, the party lacked strong leaders and was organizationally weak in the state. The socialist leader Mahadev Singh lost the seat he contested, the SCF contested the election in alliance with the PDF. At the time, Muslims represented 7. 75% of the population in the state, out of the main parties, the Indian National Congress had nominated 12 Muslim candidates, Peoples Democratic Front had six Muslim candidates whilst the Socialist Party nominated three Muslims. Eleven Muslims were elected, below their percentage of the population, eight of the elected Muslims came from the Indian National Congress, two from the Peoples Democratic Front and one had contested as an independent. Source, Election Commission of India On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act,1956, the districts of Raichur, Bidar and Gulbarga were transferred to Mysore State, while Marathwada district was transferred to Bombay State. 1951–52 elections in India Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election,1955 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election,1957

10. Indian National Congress – The Indian National Congress is one of two major political parties in India, the other being the Bharatiya Janata Party. Congress was founded in 1885 during the British Raj, its founders include Allan Octavian Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji, there have been seven Congress Prime Ministers, the first being Jawaharlal Nehru, and the most recent Manmohan Singh. The partys social liberal platform is considered to be on the centre-left of Indian politics. From 2004 to 2014, the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance, a coalition of regional parties. As of March 2017, the party is in power in five states, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Meghalaya, in Bihar, it is a part of the ruling coalition. The Congress has previously directly ruled Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, in the 2014 general election, the Congress had its poorest post-independence general election performance, winning only 44 seats of the 543-member house. The party primarily endorses social liberalism—seeking to balance individual liberty and social justice, the Congress was founded in 1885 by Indian and British members of the Theosophical Society movement, including Scotsman Allan Octavian Hume. It has been suggested that the idea was conceived in a meeting of 17 men after a Theosophical Convention held in Madras in December 1884. Hume took the initiative, and in March 1885 the first notice convening the first Indian National Union to meet in Poona the following December was issued. Its objective was to obtain a share in government for educated Indians and to create a platform for civic. The first meeting was scheduled to be held in Poona, Hume organised the first meeting in Bombay with the approval of the Viceroy Lord Dufferin. Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee was the first president of the Congress, the first session was held from 28–31 December 1885, representing each province of India, the Partys delegates comprised 54 Hindus and 2 Muslims, the rest were of Parsi and Jain backgrounds. It also included Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Mohammed Ali Jinnah—later leader of the Muslim League and instrumental in the creation of Pakistan. The Congress was transformed into a movement by Surendranath Banerjea and Sir Henry Cotton during the partition of Bengal in 1905. Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa in 1915, in 1923 following the deaths of policemen at Chauri Chaura, Gandhi suspended the agitation. In protest, a number of leaders, Chittaranjan Das, Annie Besant, the Khilafat movement collapsed and the Congress was split. Although its members were predominantly Hindu, it had members from other religions, economic classes, at the Congress 1929 Lahore session under the presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, Purna Swaraj was declared as the partys goal, declaring 26 January 1930 as Purna Swaraj Diwas, Independence Day. The same year, Srinivas Iyenger was expelled from the party for demanding full independence, the British government allowed provincial elections in India in the winter of 1936–37 under the Government of India Act 1935

11. Bharatiya Janata Party – The Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress. As of 2016, it is the countrys largest political party in terms of representation in the parliament and state assemblies. The BJP is a party, with close ideological and organisational links to the Hindu nationalist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. The BJPs origins lie in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, formed in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mookerjee, after the State of Emergency in 1977, the Jana Sangh merged with several other parties to form the Janata Party, it defeated the incumbent Congress party in the 1977 general election. After three years in power, the Janata party dissolved in 1980 with the members of the erstwhile Jana Sangh reconvening to form the BJP. Although initially unsuccessful, winning two seats in the 1984 general election, it grew in strength on the back of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement. After the 1998 general election, the BJP-led coalition known as the National Democratic Alliance formed a government under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee for a year. Following fresh elections, the NDA government, again headed by Vajpayee, lasted for a term in office. In the 2004 general election, the NDA suffered an unexpected defeat, long time Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi led it to a landslide victory in the 2014 general election. Since that election, Modi leads the NDA government as Prime Minister and as of March 2017, the official ideology of the BJP is integral humanism, first formulated by Deendayal Upadhyaya in 1965. The party expresses a commitment to Hindutva, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions, the BJP advocates social conservatism and a foreign policy centred on nationalist principles. Its key issues have included the abrogation of the status to Jammu and Kashmir, the building of a Ram temple in Ayodhya. However, the 1998–2004 NDA government did not pursue any of these controversial issues and it instead focused on a largely neoliberal economic policy prioritising globalisation and economic growth over social welfare. The BJPs origins lie in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, popularly known as the Jana Sangh and it was founded in collaboration with the Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and was widely regarded as the political arm of the RSS. The RSS loaned several of its leading pracharaks, or full-time workers, prominent among these was Deendayal Upadhyaya, who was appointed General Secretary. The Jana Sangh won only three Lok Sabha seats in the first general elections in 1952 and it maintained a minor presence in parliament until 1967. The Jana Sanghs first major campaign, begun in early 1953, centred on a demand for the integration of Jammu. Mookerjee was arrested in May 1953 for violating orders from the state government restraining him from entering Kashmir and he died of a heart attack the following month, while still in jail

12. Voter turnout – Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election. Eligibility varies by country, and the population should not be confused with the total adult population. Age and citizenship status are often among the criteria used to determine eligibility, after increasing for many decades, there has been a trend of decreasing voter turnout in most established democracies since the 1980s. In general, low turnout is attributed to disillusionment, indifference, low turnout is usually considered to be undesirable. As a result, there have been efforts to increase voter turnout. In spite of significant study into the issue, scholars are divided on the reasons for the decline and its cause has been attributed to a wide array of economic, demographic, cultural, technological, and institutional factors. Different countries have very different voter turnout rates, for example, turnout in the United States 2012 presidential election was about 55%. In both Belgium, which has compulsory voting, and Malta, which not, participation reaches about 95%. The chance of any one vote determining the outcome is low, some studies show that a single vote in a voting scheme such as the Electoral College in the United States has an even lower chance of determining the outcome. Other studies claim that the Electoral College actually increases voting power, Studies using game theory, which takes into account the ability of voters to interact, have also found that the expected turnout for any large election should be zero. Since P is virtually zero in most elections, PB is also near zero, for a person to vote, these factors must outweigh C. Experimental political science has found that even when P is likely greater than zero, enos and Fowler conducted a field experiment that exploits the rare opportunity of a tied election for major political office. Informing citizens that the election to break the tie will be close has little mobilizing effect on voter turnout. Riker and Ordeshook developed the understanding of D. Other political scientists have since added other motivators and questioned some of Riker, all of these concepts are inherently imprecise, making it difficult to discover exactly why people choose to vote. Recently, several scholars have considered the possibility that B includes not only a personal interest in the outcome, note that this motivation is distinct from D, because voters must think others benefit from the outcome of the election, not their act of voting in and of itself. There are philosophical, moral, and practical reasons that people cite for not voting in electoral politics. High voter turnout is often considered to be desirable, though among scientists and economists specializing in public choice

13. Swing (politics) – An electoral swing analysis shows the extent of change in voter support, typically from one election to another, expressed as a positive or negative percentage. A multi-party swing is an indicator of a change in the preference between candidates or parties. A swing can be calculated for the electorate as a whole, a swing is particularly useful for analysing change in voter support over time, or as a tool for predicting the outcome of elections in constituency-based systems. A swing is calculated by comparing the percentage of the vote in an election to the percentage of the vote belonging to the same party or candidate at the previous election. One-party swing = Percentage of vote − percentage of vote, examples include the comparison between the 2006 and 2007 Ukrainian Parliamentary elections and the win of AAP in the 2015 Delhi elections. The above charts show the change in support for each of the six major political parties by electoral district. In many nation states media, including in Australia and the United Kingdom, an assumption underlies extrapolated national calculations, that all districts will experience the same swing as shown in a poll or in a places results. The term swing makes reference in Australia, to wit in the voting system. The UK uses the two-party swing, adding one partys increase in share of the vote to the percentage-point fall of another party, so if Party Ones vote rises by 4 points and Party Twos vote falls 5 points, the swing is 4.5 points. For disambiguation suffixes such as, must be added where three parties stand, otherwise a problem when deciding which swing is meant and which swing is best to publish arises where a lower party takes first or second, or where a party loses one of the top two places. By contrast, a state is the direct equivalent of a safe seat. The extent of change in outcome is heavily influenced by the voting system in use. Some websites provide a pie chart based or column-based multi party swingometer where ± x%, ± x%, ± x% and this tool or illustration provides likely outcomes wherever more than two political parties have a significant influence on which politicians are elected

14. Communist Party of India (Marxist) – The Communist Party of India is a communist party in India. The party emerged from a split from the Communist Party of India in 1964, the CPI was formed at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of India held in Calcutta from 31 October to 7 November 1964. The strength of CPI is concentrated in the states of Kerala, West Bengal, as of 2016, CPI is leading the state governments in Tripura and Kerala. It also leads the West Bengal Left Front, as of 2014, CPI claimed to have 10,48,678 members. The highest body of the party is the Politburo, CPI emerged from a division within the Communist Party of India. The undivided CPI had experienced a period of upsurge during the following the Second World War. The CPI led armed rebellions in Telangana, Tripura, and Kerala, however, it soon abandoned the strategy of armed revolution in favour of working within the parliamentary framework. In 1950 B. T. Ranadive, the CPI general secretary, under the government of the Indian National Congress party of Jawaharlal Nehru, independent India developed close relations and a strategic partnership with the Soviet Union. The Soviet government consequently wished that the Indian communists moderate their criticism towards the Indian state, moreover, the Indian National Congress appeared to be generally hostile towards political competition. In 1959 the central government intervened to impose Presidents Rule in Kerala, simultaneously, the relations between the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of China soured. In the early 1960s the Communist Party of China began criticising the CPSU of turning revisionist, Sino-Indian relations also deteriorated, as border disputes between the two countries erupted into the Sino-Indian War of 1962. The basis of difference in opinion between the two factions in CPI was ideological – about the assessment of Indian scenario and the development of a party programme. This difference in opinion was also a reflection of a difference at international level on ideology between the Soviet and Chinese parties. The alleged right wing inside the party followed the Soviet path, whereas the faction of CPI which later became CPI referred to this as a revisionist approach of class collaboration. It was this ideological difference which later intensified, coupled with the Soviet-Chinese split at the international level, hundreds of CPI leaders, accused of being pro-Chinese, were imprisoned. Thousands of Communists were detained without trial and those targeted by the state accused the pro-Soviet leadership of the CPI of conspiring with the Congress government to ensure their own hegemony over the control of the party. In 1962 Ajoy Ghosh, the secretary of the CPI. After his death, S. A. Dange was installed as the party chairman and this was an attempt to achieve a compromise

15. 2004 elections in India – Elections to the State Legislative Assemblies were held in six Indian states during 2004. Four had assembly election simultaneous with the Lok Sabha elections in April-May, in Maharashtra and Arunachal Pradesh elections were held September-October. The elected independents include one member of the Communist Party of India New Democracy

16. Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 2009 – The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election of 2009 took place in April 2009, concurrently with the Indian general election,2009. The elections were held in the state in the first phase, the results were declared on 2009-05-16. The incumbent Indian National Congress retained power in the Andhra Pradesh State Assembly lower house, the Congress Legislature party re-elected incumbent Chief minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy as its leader thus re-nominating him to the post, in the 2004 Andhra Pradesh Assembly election, the Congress had swept the state, winning 185 of the 294 seats in the Assembly. The Congress pre-poll alliance partners Left Front and Telangana Rashtra Samithi also did well, winning 15 and 26 seats respectively, as the leader of the Congress Legislature Party, Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy was invited to form the Government by Governor S. S. Barnala, as expected, the Government lasted the full term of 5 years and the tenure of the Legislative Assembly was due to expire on 30 May 2009. The Election Commission of India decided to hold the Assembly elections along with the general election, the election in each Assembly constituency was held in the same phase as the election to the corresponding Parliamentary constituency that the AC falls under. After the 2008 Lok Sabha vote of confidence, the Left Front withdrew support to the Congress in the state as well, telugu Desam Party and TRS then joined the Left as part of the national Third Front. In Andhra Pradesh, this called themselves the Grand Alliance against what they called the corrupt Congress. However, after the elections in Andhra Pradesh were completed, but before the counting of votes, despite losing their alliance partner after voting and fighting anti-incumbency in the state, Congress managed to get majority in the 294-member Assembly with 157 seats. The incumbent Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy was sworn in for a term on 20 May 2009. His council of 35 ministers were sworn in by Governor N. D. Tiwari a few days later on 25 May 2009, State Assembly elections in India,2009 Indian general election in Andhra Pradesh,2009 List of constituencies of the Assembly of Andhra Pradesh

17. Adilabad district – Adilabad district is a district located in the northern region of the Indian state of Telangana. It is the district to the South India. Adilabad is the seat of the district. The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor, there are a handful of Telugu inscriptions found in Adilabad District during Kakatiya rule. The original name of the Adilabad was Edlabad during the rule of Qutub Shahis, the dense forests and river Godavari basin of Adilabad district flourished as pre-historic settlements related to Stone Age, Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures. Explorations and excavations at the areas of Luxettipet, Asifabad, Boath, Bhainsa and Nirmal yielded pre-. Due to the districts re-organisation in October 2016, the district was carved out to three new districts of Asifabad district, Mancherial district and Nirmal district. Adilabad district occupies an area of 4,153 square kilometres, as of 2011 Census of India, the district has a population of 708,972. Religions Badankurti village in Khanapur mandal of Adilabad district was explored, the town of Bhainsa, probably related to early Buddhist times, as a pair of carved feet near a mound were found. Languages Different tribes in the include, Adivasis, Gonds, Kolams, Pardhans. In 2006, the Indian government named Adilabad as one of the 250 most backward districts in the country and it is one of the districts in Telangana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. The district has two divisions of Adilabad and Utnoor. These are sub-divided into 18 mandals, buddha Prakash is the present collector of the district. The below table categorises 52 mandals into their respective divisions in the district

18. Nizamabad district – Nizamabad District is located in the north-western region in the Indian state of Telangana. The city of Nizamabad is the district headquarters, Nizam stands for Nizam, the governor of Hyderabad State and Abad means Long Live. D. Later during the 18th century the Nizams ruled over the Deccan region, in October 2016, the districts of Telangana were reorganized and Kamareddy district was carved out of Nizamabad district making it one of the 31 districts of state. The geographical area of the district is 4,288 square kilometres, Nizamabad is bounded on the North by Nirmal district, on the East by Jagtial and Karimnagar district, on the South lies Kamareddy district, and on the West by Nanded district of Maharashtra State. The Godavari River enters into Telangana from Nizamabad district at Kandhakurthi, as of 2011 Census of India, the district has a population of 1,571,022. In 2006 the Indian government named Nizāmābād one of the countrys 250 most backward districts and it is one of the ten districts of Telangana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. The district is divided into 3 revenue divisions of Bodhan, Armoor and these are sub-divided into 26 mandals and has 438 villages. Yogita Rana is the present collector of the district and they are, Armur, Bodhan, Banswada - Partly, Nizamabad, Nizamabad, Balkonda Nizamabad district has good road connectivity. Almost all the towns and villages in the district have well laid asphalt roads and are connected to district headquarters, the Telangana State Road Transport Corporation runs around 700 buses from district headquarters on a daily basis. Nizamabad Railway Station is the train station in the district which is located on Secunderabad-Manmad section of Hyderabad Division of the South Central Railway Zone. All the towns in the district have a network coverage. Jankampet Junction which lies in the west of Nizamabad city connects to Bodhan town, the Nizamabad-Peddapalli section connects Nizamabad with the Grand Trunk route of New Delhi-Chennai main line and the distance from Nizamabad to Karimnagar and Warangal reduced to a large extent. This line also increased the network in the district and the northern cities of Telangana. Many engineering colleges are located in the district, vijay Rural Engineering College, Nizamabad, affiliated with Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad is the reputed engineering college located in Telangana. Kakatiya Institutions of Nizamabad is a group of known for their excellence in state of Telangana. Telangana University is a university under the government of AP. RGUKT, Basar popularly known as IIIT Basar is an institution located 35 km from Nizamabad. The official name of the institute is Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies and it offers six-year integrated B. Tech programme with three semesters every year for those passing SSC, for award of dual degrees in different specializations of engineering and science

19. Nizamabad (Rural) (Assembly constituency) – Nizamabad Assembly constituency is a constituency of Telangana Legislative Assembly, India. It is one among 2 constituencies in the city of Nizamabad and it is part of Nizamabad Lok Sabha constituency. Bajireddy Goverdhan of Telangana Rashtra Samithi won the election in 2014, the Assembly Constituency presently comprises the following Mandals, Nizamabad List of constituencies of Telangana Legislative Assembly

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