Discursive Essay Should Marijuana Be Legalised

 

Seth Andrew J. Salih December 4, 2012ENGLCOM WC NO5B Argumentative Essay (Final Draft)Marijuana, Good for your Health? A Playboy cartoon once depicted an ordinary couple with their college-age son in front. The words are shown in front: “Dear, your father and I would like some pot”. Just like the couple,millions of Americans would like to obtain the so-called “pot” or marijuana. Marijuana, unlike thepopular myths today, it is not what it is thought to be.Marijuana, like any myth, has its true properties, facts, and history concealed by a mass of misconceptions, misrepresentations, and misunderstandings. Solomon (1966) says marijuana, or

Cannabis 

sativa, is a plant cultivated for its flowering tops and leaves. Also called hemp, it is a sourceof rope, fibers, birdseed, and medicinal products. In fact, the Philippines once provided the US withrope from this plant before the Japanese cut the supply line. In the year of 1937, however, marijuana was banned as the people misused it. When people hear the word marijuana, they think of drugs, addicts, and ruined lives.However, marijuana has its buried good side. Marijuana has long been used to treat a number of sicknesses affiliated with pain. Most of these diseases are those that either make people suffer ormake them terminally ill. Examples are glaucoma, arthritis, and cancer. Aside from medical benefits,the plant is also shrouded by psychological myths. Marijuana is not highly addictive, unlike what thepopular belief says. Marijuana users do not come from the hardened criminal class and there is no

The number of people pointing out to the numerous reasons why marijuana should be legal is growing daily. It is exactly in March of 2016 that the AP-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research has reported that 61% of Americans are actually supporting the legalization of this particular drug. The awareness is growing within the minute but the legalizations still move slowly, with only four states and the District of Columbia legalizing marijuana in the United States.

In order to properly argument the topic, I would first like to point out to the various systems of marijuana legalization. Netherlands is the source of the biggest taboos on a worldwide level, starting from prostitution and euthanasia to same-sex marriages. The Netherlands did not only make prostitution one of the most profitable, legitimate industries in the country, but also allowed the sale of cannabis in 1976. At this point, there are over 1,200 licensed shops that sell cannabis every day.

A completely different type of legalization is the one done in Holland. In Holland, dealers who operate illegally are criminally charged, while all drug use is allowed to people over the age of 18. Here, drug use is controlled with the set daily limit of 5 grams. ‘Here, you don’t have to go to jail if you’re a marijuana smoker,” says the American psychologist Art Lecesse. “The goal is to try to keep young people in particular away from the criminal drug environment that may get them involved with the harder drugs such as cocaine and heroin.”

But should all drugs really be legal? Is the right move to legalize only marijuana or should we put a stop on forbidding people to use any type of drug? The fact is, marijuana is not nearly as dangerous as other drugs such as cocaine. Still, how come marijuana is forbidden for use and other dangerous prescribed drugs are not?

As with any other important subject, marijuana legalization also comes with many pros and cons, the biggest con being the negative impact this drug has on the health of people. According to this belief, smoking any substance can have a bad effect on the IQ, memory, problem-solving skills and increase the chances of mental illnesses. However, there are very few facts that confirm the latest claim. Actually, the health benefits are one of the 3 reasons why marijuanas should be legal, according to the proponents of the idea.

The Dutch minister of health says that ‘ People have died from tobacco and alcohol, from heroin, from cocaine. But never from cannabis’. Additionally, there are certain health benefits that come from using cannabis, which is why there is such thing as medical marijuanas. Marijuana used for medicinal purposes is known to reduce glaucoma and help people go through chemo. According to an article by Discovery Health, marijuana is also known to relieve nausea and have a certain effect on the brain. Also, the marijuana’s effect on the brain allows for release in muscle tension and chronic pain.

Even though over-consumption can lead to some problems, there is not a single account of death from marijuana overdose. Many legal things are a much more common cause of death than marijuana. It is actually estimated that 38,329 people died from drug overdose in 2010, out of which 60% were related to prescribed drugs. In the same year, 25,692 people died of alcohol related causes. If this is the case, how come the world has decided to ban marijuana instead of tobacco?

The second reason why marijuana should be legal is the cost. According to official estimates, over 700,000 people were arrested 2014 for marijuana offenses and this is only on the area of the United States. This makes the costs for enforcement taxes extremely high, something that would be avoided if marijuana were to become legal. According to an ACLU report of 2013, taxpayers shelled out up to $6 billion to cover both the enforcement and incarceration of people who illegally use this drug.

Aside from helping us save money, some say that legalization of marijuana can actually make an upwards of $7 billions! The legalization is not only predicted to do this, but will actually create a taxable industry and create thousands new legit job positions.

The third point of this marijuana essay that supports the idea is addiction itself. With addiction being one of the biggest cons introduced by the opponents of the idea, this is actually an interesting twist. Marijuana dependence is existing, but is a real breeze when compared to prescription pills, alcohol overuse, caffeine and even sugar. According to Dr.Sanjay Gupta, the Chief Medical Correspondent of CNN, there are 9 to 10 percent of adults who became dependent to marijuana, while 20% of all cocaine users become dependent. According to him, the biggest enemy is the tobacco, with over 30% of all its users becoming addicted.

This third point does not mean that marijuana is completely safe for use, which is why any proper marijuana legalization should be carefully crafted to limit people in marijuana consumption. However, why would people be allowed to smoke a cigarette after a meal and not be allowed to use marijuana for pleasure, since it is actually tobacco that makes more people addicted? And not only this. Marijuana is actually forbidden for use as an illegal, unhealthy drug, when people die every day from alcohol abuse, prescribed medications and overdose from other illegal drugs.

Considering that the laws against marijuana did not make any specific change, it is safe to say that legalization will not increase the use of this drug greatly. The only thing it will do is reduce the cost for prosecution of people who already use the marijuana and create a whole new industry where this drug could be better controlled.
The nation seems to be coming to its senses and many countries start to make marijuana legal. Considering all these factors, this is something every country must consider.

Sources:
1. http://www.apnorc.org/projects/Pages/HTML%20Reports/american-attitudes-toward-substance-use-in-the-united-states.aspx
2. https://www.unodc.org/documents/ungass2016/Contributions/Civil/Transform-Drug-Policy-Foundation/Cannabis-policy-in-the-Netherlands.pdf
3. http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v01/n1607/a05.html?3681
4. http://cannabisnews.com/news/10/thread10754.shtml
5. http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/drugs-alcohol/5-common-uses-of-medical-cannabis.htm
6. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/03/marijuana-deaths_n_3860418.html
7. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2014/crime-in-the-u.s.-2014/persons-arrested/browse-by/national-data
8. https://www.aclu.org/files/assets/aclu-thewaronmarijuana-rel2.pdf
9. http://www.cnbc.com/id/36179677
10. http://www.cnn.com/2013/08/08/health/gupta-changed-mind-marijuana/

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